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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王碧雲(2008)。高中教師休閒態度、休閒阻礙與休閒活動參與關係之探討。未出版碩士論文,靜宜大學,臺中市。
  2. 江逢維(2004)。台北市大學生休閒無聊感與憂鬱傾向之相關研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  3. 吳明烈、詹明娟(2010)。中高齡學習者休閒態度與活躍老化之關係研究。成人及終身教育,27,17-28。
  4. 周 虎(2008)。空軍戰鬥機飛行人員參與休閒活動態度、阻礙與工作壓力關係之研究-以東部某基地為例。未出版碩士論文,國立臺東大學,臺東市。
  5. 周美華(2004)。由《尚書‧堯典》見戰國中晚期儒家之帝王典範。玄奘人文學報,2,1-21。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佩蓉(2013)。高雄市軍訓教官休閒涉入對高中職學生休閒態度、休閒參與及學習績效之影響。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-0。
  2. 曾秀絨(2014)。惠蓀林場生態旅遊涉入之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-123。
  3. 馬宗福(2017)。男性酒駕收容人休閒態度、休閒參與型態、休閒無聊感關係之研究 -以臺南看守所為例。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-62。
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