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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 田秀蘭、郭乃文(2002)。「成人生涯認知量表」之發展及其效度研究。測驗年刊,49(1) ,19-37。
  2. 申秀雲(2008)。超級籃球聯賽球團行銷活動之研究─以台灣啤酒籃球隊為例。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  3. 初詠萱、李雅君(2007)。女子籃球選手生活品質情形探討。兩岸體育與運動休閒產業發展研討會論文集。
  4. 何守正(2008)。SBL超級籃球聯賽球員生涯規劃之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  5. 何正峰、鍾陳偉、倪雅華與王潔玲(2008)。不同性別籃球選手知覺教練領導行為、內在動機及滿足感之研究。北體學報,16,72-82。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 紀柏宇(2013)。新北市國民小學專職行政人員個人生涯規劃與離職傾向關係之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-102。 
  2. 高政華(2017)。職業運動員對組織承諾與生涯規劃之研究-以中華職業棒球選手為例。長榮大學運動競技學系(所)學位論文。2017。1-59。
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