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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王傑賢(2004)。體育館設施服務品質之顧客滿意度研究:以「國立臺灣大學綜合體育館銃量訓練室」為例。體育學報,36,181-194。
  2. 安振吉、李玉麟(2006)。臺灣桌球積分制度之介紹。大專體育,83,51-57。
  3. 池文海、陳瑞龍、潘美雪(2009)。品牌權益、服務品質、知覺價值、顧客滿意與顧客忠誠之探討-以臺灣中油加油站為例。品質學報,16(4),291-309。
  4. 吳文郁(2010)。大專乙組桌球運動人口組訓及參與賽事之現況。大專體育,106,109-116。
  5. 吳政隆、張良漢(2008)。高爾夫球場服務品質、顧客滿意與行為意向之研究。休閒產業管理學刊,1(3),1-14。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂宗霖(2014)。中華民國101學年度大專校院保齡球錦標賽參賽選手知覺賽會服務品質與賽會滿意度之研究。長榮大學運動競技學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-97。 
  2. 蔡文宬(2013)。adidas盃網球賽運動參與者行為模式之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2013。1-121。
  3. 劉國權(2016)。活動滿意度對組織承諾、凝聚力影響之研究 -以臺中市後備憲兵為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2016。1-99。
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