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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 123 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王志源(2007)。體驗行銷要素、體驗價值與涉入程度對中華職棒觀眾再購意願之影響。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  2. 王思婷(2004)。女子網球閉鎖式與開放式站姿雙手反拍加速期之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立體育學院,桃園縣。
  3. 王麒景(2007)。健康體適能俱樂部服務品質與購後行為之研究--以卡莎米亞健康世界為例。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  4. 余宗龍、邵于玲(2004)。兄弟象與興農牛球迷涉入程度對球場設施環境與服務品質需求之研究。大專體育學刊,6(3),59-69。
  5. 吳倩雯(2007)。臺灣旅客對主題樂園重遊意願之研究--香港迪士尼與東京迪士尼旅客之比較。未出版碩士論文,國立臺北大學,臺北市。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳肇華(2014)。休閒漁業服務品質與顧客滿意度之研究-以東港漁港漁產品直銷中心為例。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2014。1-120。 
  2. 顏可一(Ko-I Yen);張少熙(Shao-Hsi Chang)(2013)。101學年度大專籃球聯賽現場觀眾運動觀賞動機與滿意度之研究。運動休閒管理學報。10(3)。40-62。 
  3. 林秉毅(2012)。國民運動中心營建指標建構之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-232。
  4. 胡淑華(2013)。臺北市大安運動中心運動課程服務品質、學員滿意度與忠誠度之研究。臺灣師範大學運動休閒與餐旅管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-142。
  5. 涂家樺(2014)。銀行保險忠誠度之研究 - 以交易成本觀點。朝陽科技大學保險金融管理系學位論文。2014。1-53。
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