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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳偉文、李右婷(2006)。人力資源管理:讀解職能密碼。台北:普林斯頓國際。
  2. 黃品全(2005)。轉型與交易領導對心理賦能及服務導向組織公民行為之影響:模式建立及全職、部份工時餐飲人員比較分析。觀光管理學報,11(3),233-258。
  3. 管孟忠、張紫雲、黃三麟(2010)。結合DANP之MCDM模型探討公部門之專案執行關鍵成功因素-以文官制度興革規劃方案為例。運籌與管理學刊,9(1),1-19。
  4. Agut, S., Grau, R. & Peiro, J. M. (2003). Competency needs among managers from Spanish hotels and restaurants and their training demands. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 22, 281-295.
  5. Bardossy, A., Duckstein, L., & Bogardi, I. (1993). Combination of fuzzy numbers representing expert opinions. Fuzzy Sets & Systems, 57(2), 173-181.
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋建璋(2013)。臺灣表演藝術行政與管理人員職能研究。臺北藝術大學藝術行政與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-98。 
  2. 鄒安豪(2013)。以社會網絡理論之觀點探討旅館業務主管之職能、聯合決策及其工作績效。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-69。 
  3. 郭主恩(2013)。由營養師現行就業狀況探討人格特質、核心職能及專業承諾對個人與組織契合度之影響。屏東科技大學高階經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-133。 
  4. 謝瑤玲(2015)。企業發展對財務主管角色變化與專業能力需求之影響。逢甲大學經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-83。 
  5. 游慧雯(2015)。探討跨國企業合作關係之成功模式: 以Nike、豐泰、寶成企業為例。逢甲大學國際經營與貿易學系學位論文。2015。1-155。 
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