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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 156 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 于泳泓(2004)。「解讀績效管理:建立以策略為核心的組織績效管理制度」。會計研究月刊223期,頁54-68。
    2. management: Concepts and cases)。台北:培生教育出版。
    3. 王怡心(2004)「大學圖書館應用BSC 之案例--國立臺北大學:平衡計分卡擴大運用 非營利事業組織也可行」,會計研究月刊(224),頁150-155。
    4. 司徒達賢(1995)。策略管理。台北市:遠流。
    5. 朱道凱(譯)(1999)。Robert S. Kaplan & David P. Norton(1996) 原著。平衡計分卡:資訊時代的策略管理工具 (The Balanced scorecard: Translating strategy into action)。台北:臉譜。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蔡欣如(2013)。大學圖書館績效評估指標可行性之研究。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2013。1-124。
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