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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 176 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王昭傑(2011)。靜像式情境數學模組(SIMSP)在國小資優班施行成效研究-以奧林匹克數學三國誌為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系碩士論文,臺北市。
  2. 呂季霏(2002)。花蓮縣國小低年級泰雅族學生平面幾何概念之詮釋性研究。花蓮師院學報,14,187-209。
  3. 李暉(1993)。國中理化教師試行建構主義教學之個案研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立彰化師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。彰化。
  4. 李暉、郭重吉、段曉林(1994)。國中理化教師試行建構主義教學之個案研究。科學教育,5,27-51。
  5. 李青春、胡學誠(2009)。一個針對基礎數學學習者的線上評量與迷失概念導正工具。臺中教育大學學報:數理科技類,23(1),1-28。
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