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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. cai蔡真宜 (2001)。《台灣母語教育政策之研究─以閩南語教育為例》。國立台灣師範大學三民主義研究所碩士論文。
  2. chin陳炳男 (2005)。〈探討教育實務工作者的利器─教育行動研究之剖析〉。《學校行政》,38,174-191。
  3. chin陳素年 (2010)。《台語融入國語文教學模式探究─以小一為例》。國立台灣師範大學台灣文化及語言文學研究所碩士論文。
  4. eu歐用生 (1995)。〈國小新課程標準的內涵與特色〉,收入台灣省國民學校教師研習會編《國民小學新課程標準的精神與特色》。1995.1,頁38。
  5. eu歐用生 (1995)。〈鄉土教育的理念與設計〉。載於黃政傑、李隆盛主編《鄉土教育》。台北:漢文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊喻婷(2014)。高齡薪傳者對客家文化傳承之研究 - 代間學習的觀點。中正大學成人及繼續教育系高齡者教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-209。
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