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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱勝濱(2008):質性研究方法在教育上的應用。網路社會通訊,75,69-72。
  2. 鄭昭明(2004):認知心理學:理論與實踐。台北:桂冠。
  3. 鄭逸如、吳英璋、呂碧鴻(1999):生物心理社會取向之壓力衡鑑與壓力調適之效果評估。應用心理研究,3,191-217。
  4. 孔繁鐘編譯(2007):精神疾病的診斷與統計第四版修訂版。台北:合記圖書。American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4/e), Washington, DC: APA.
  5. 藍毓仁譯 (2008):質性研究方法。台北:巨流。Ritchie, J. & Lewis, J. (2003). Qualitative research practice: A guide for social science students and researchers. Washington, DC: Sage Publications.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃竫茵(2017)。正念減壓課程運用於女性飲食困擾者之成效研究 -以研究參與者觀點探討。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2017。1-286。
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