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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王愛麟(2006)。理解式球類教學法對國中學生籃球學習效果之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學體育學系,臺北市。
  2. 李世雄(2007)。理解式球類教學法與傳統教學法對高中生足球學習效果之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學體育學系,臺北市。
  3. 林昭秀、李勝雄、顏明琴(1997)。不同教學法對國小學童跳遠學習效果影響之研究。中華民國大專院校體育總會八十六學年度體育學術研討會專刊,437-453。
  4. 洪祥洲、王朝仁、梁世秦、林勁宏(2007)。高爾夫揮桿擊球造成球飛行偏差成因之探討。大專高爾夫學刊,第4期,113-129頁。
  5. 馬良睿(2010)。理解式球類訓練法應用於高中棒球校隊訓練之行動研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林澤民(2013)。理解式教學法之應用:以輔英科技大學桌球選修課教學為例。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊。12(3)。123-130。 
  2. 尤佳琪(2014)。理解式球類教學提升排球學習效果與核心素養之行動研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2014。1-201。
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