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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李乙明、李淑貞譯(2005)。創造力─理論。台北市:五南。譯自Sternberg, R. J.(1999), Handbook of creativity.
  2. 吳妍慧(2009)。創意英語課堂教學對國中生英語學習表現影響之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育學院創造力發展研究所在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 沈翠蓮(2008)。創意原理與設計。台北市:五南。
  4. 何健誼(2002)。直觀法則對K-6年級學童在體積概念學習上的影響。國立台北教育大學數學暨資訊教育學系數學教育碩士班碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 林民棟(2006)。應用心智圖在國小自然與生活科技領域之教學。生活科技教育月刊,39 (3),77-88。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾文山(2012)。混成式教學應用於國中數學學習成效及數學學習態度之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-127。 
  2. 陳怡如(2016)。數位心智圖教學對高一學生「對數」單元學習成效之影響。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2016。1-170。
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