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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 180 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方美蘭(2005)。某技術學院學生戒菸教育介入成效之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系,臺北市。
  2. 王郁雯(2010)。應用計畫行為理論探討吸菸青少年戒菸行為意圖及其影響因素-以南部某專科學校為例 (未出版之碩士論文)。私立高雄醫學大學口腔衛生科學研究所,高雄市。
  3. 伍育英、鄭玉英、杜長齡(2009)。多重夫妻支持性團體模式效果之初探-以高風險家庭為例。國立台灣師範大學教心理與輔導學系教育心理學報,41(諮商實務與訓練專刊),185-204。
  4. 行政院衛生署行政院衛生署國民健康局(2009c)。青春百科青少年戒菸教育實務暨資源手冊。臺北:行政院衛生署行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  5. 行政院衛生署行政院衛生署國民健康局(2009d)。青春踢踏行-高中職戒菸團體活動手冊。臺北:行政院衛生署行政院衛生署國民健康局。
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