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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗華(2007)。結合動機之時間管理課程對國小高年級學生學習動機與時間管理之影響。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系,臺北。
  2. 周志菀 (2008)。宜蘭縣國華國中音樂班學生聽寫成績與相關因素之研究。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學音樂系在職進修碩士班,臺北。
  3. 林佩瑜(2006)。國民中學音樂才能班學生創造力表現及其影響因素之研究。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學音樂研究所碩士論文,臺北。
  4. 林美慧(2008)。高雄縣國小兼任行政教師時間管理之研究。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺東大學,臺東市。
  5. 施美合(2007)。國小音樂班學生時間管理對學習成就影響之研究—以臺北縣四所音樂班高年級為例。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學社會科教育學系研究所碩士論文,臺北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭芳琪(2015)。國中生文化資本、時間管理與學習態度關係之研究-以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-268。 
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