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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李如惠(2008)。資訊系統成功模式之研究-以桃園國中全誼校務系統為例。元智大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  2. 周秀蓉、林思妤(2011)。探討數位學習平臺資訊象統成功棋型之研究一以直銷業者為例。商業現代化學刊,6(1),171-190。
  3. 林畯城、廖本裕、黃嘉勝(2007)。彰化縣國民小學推廣網路學級管理系統現況及影響使用之因素研究。臺中教育大學學報:教育類,21(1),1-25。
  4. 洪新原、張麗敏、郭宏益(2011)。影響電腦整合製造資訊系統使用者滿意之差異分析:管理者與作業者之觀點比較。資訊管理展望,13(1),1-19。
  5. 洪新原、張麗敏、劉淑娟(2010)。應用差異理論探討資訊系統使用者滿意度之研究:不同使用者觀點之比較。資訊管理學報,17(2),57-81。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 顏凰玲(2015)。雲林縣國小特教教師對特殊教育通報系統之使用現況分析。虎尾科技大學資訊管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2015。1-106。
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