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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 359 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于富雲、陳玉欣(2007)。不同知識表徵建構的學習策略對自然科學習成效之影響。科
  2. 中華民國特殊教育學會(1992)。資優教育課程與教學。臺北市:心理。
  3. 方朝郁(2005)。概念構圖在國小自然與生活科技領域教學上的應用。教育研究,13,
  4. 朱景生(2004)。以概念構圖之動態評量策略探究國小學童水的「蒸發、凝結」概念的
  5. 江淑卿(2001a)。概念構圖與圖示對兒童自然科學的知識結構、理解能力與學習反應之
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳松錡(2015)。學習共同體教學對高一學生在數學排列組合單元的學習成效之影響--以台中市某高中為例。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2015。1-73。 
  2. 李冠賢(2013)。反釣魚教學策略: 平板電腦融入概念構圖以提升學習動機之可行性評估。交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程學位論文。2013。1-94。 
  3. 翁玲巧(2015)。臺中市國民小學資優教師專業發展和教學表現之研究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2015。1-146。 
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