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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 174 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院原子能委員會(2011)。闔家平安:核子事故緊急應變民眾防護手冊。台北:行政院原子能委員會。
  2. 牛惠之(2008)。預防原則之研究-國際環境法處理欠缺科學證據之環境風險議題之努力與爭議。
  3. 邱美虹、劉俊庚(2008)。從科學學習的觀點探討模型與建模能力。科學教育月刊,314,2-20。
  4. 邱發忠、陳學志(2003)。軍事服從態度量表發展暨其效度之研究。復興崗學報,79,79-106。
  5. 林迪意、莊明彥(2004)。年齡、工作記憶與電腦態度在電子郵件技能學習之預測效應。應用心理研究,22,105-120。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃秀婷(2016)。擴增實境輔助教學之相關學習探討-以高職計算機概論課程單元為例。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-143。
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