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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 143 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王玲(2010)。故事結構教學結合互動式電子白板對提升國小學習障礙學生閱讀理解成效之研究。國立臺中教育大學特殊教育學系碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版,臺中市。
  2. 王珩(2005)。從ARCS模式探討英語學習動機之激發策略。臺中教育大學學報,19(2),89-100。
  3. 吳維慈(2011)。互動式電子白板融入國小高年級視覺藝術課程之教學研究。國立臺灣師範大學美術學系研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  4. 邱玉菁(2004)。數位學習之學習成果的再思考。教育資料與圖書館學,41(4),561-581。
  5. 林俊宏(2011)。影響中小學教師使用互動式電子白板之關鍵因素。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版,臺中市。
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