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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余泰魁、余泰毅(2010)。影響科技媒介訓練系統使用者滿意度之研究。教育心理學報,42(1),1-28。
  2. 呂姮儒(2010)。荒野保護協會炫蜂團成員參與動機、休閒涉入與休閒效益之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系碩士論文,未出版,台中市。
  3. 李銘薰(2009)。電腦與數位3C專業虛擬社群知識分享之影響因素研究。教育資料與圖書館學刊,46(3),377-401。
  4. 施學琦、陳怡蓁(2010)。以UTAUT架構探討社群網站使用者的使用行為。論文發表於大葉大學舉辦之「第十一屆電子化企業經營管理理論暨實務」研討會議,彰化縣。
  5. 高美玲、葉美玲(1999)。 結構方程模式的應用:驗證性因素分析。國科會獎勵期刊,7(6),594-605。
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