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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方稚芳、楊國揚(1998)。國民中學教科用書審查制度之探討。課程與教學季刊,1(1),17-26。
  2. 王藍亭、盧伊君(2010)。書籍編排之視覺圖像呈現研究-以國小六年級自然科教科書爲例。中華印刷科技年報,578-587。
  3. 呂紹海、巫俊明(2008)。國小「自然與生活科技」教科書中科學史內容之分析。新竹教育大學教育學報,25(2),1-31。
  4. 杜依樺(2008)。國小自然課本「空氣」單元教科書文本分析。科學教育月刊,313,2-8。
  5. 周珮儀(2005)。我國教科書研究的分析:1979-2004。課程與教學季刊,8(4),91-116。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張淑玲(2017)。國民中小學卓越校長領導心智模式研究。清華大學教育與學習科技學系學位論文。2017。1-217。
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