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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 500 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1961 《臺風雜記》,台北:台灣銀行經濟研究室。
  2. 2005 《杜聰明與我: 杜淑純女士訪談錄》,台北:國史館。
  3. 1996 《林衡道先生訪談錄》,台北:國史館。
  4. 2010 《施翠峰回憶錄》,台北:台北縣文化局。
  5. 2000 《水竹居主人日記》,台北:中央研究院近代史研究所。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張家紋(2014)。從傳統糕餅到創匯小金磚 ─ 論臺灣鳳梨酥一甲子之發展脈絡。高雄餐旅大學台灣飲食文化產業研究所學位論文。2014。1-129。 
  2. 張實紘(2013)。手工巧克力在台灣的現況與發展。高雄餐旅大學台灣飲食文化產業研究所學位論文。2013。1-111。
  3. 李依芸(2017)。臺灣餐飲連鎖品牌形象策略研究與建立-以赤鬼炙燒牛排為例。朝陽科技大學視覺傳達設計系學位論文。2017。1-214。
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