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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李孟美(2010)。應用世界咖啡館對話技術凝聚組織共識之研究-以K國中校園改造為例。國立台灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 林央侖(2010)。企業管理訓練桌上遊戲教材評選指標之研究。國立台灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 林佩蓉(2010)。無薪假對電子工程師生涯規劃影響之研究。國立臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 郭進隆(譯)(1994)。P. M. Senge 著。第五項修練:學習型組織的藝術與實務(The fifth discipline: The art and practice of the learning organization)。台北:天下文化。
  5. 陳德望(2001)。管理課程(MTP)訓練績效評估之研究~以科技與機械公司為例。私立靜宜大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中。
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