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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 238 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李蓁(2005):中文學齡前兒童非詞覆誦測驗與音韻處理能力之探討。國立台灣大學語言學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 佘永吉(2006):台灣學齡前兒童口語詞彙資料庫之發展。國立成功大學醫學工程研究所博士論文,未出版,台南市。
  3. 張顯達(2000):三至四歲兒童對國語輔音的聽辨與發音。語言暨語言學,1(2),19-38。
  4. 張顯達、許碧勳(2000):國語輔音聽辨與發音能力之發展研究。中華民國聽力語言學會雜誌,15,1-10
  5. 許月琴(2000):台北市五歲孩童特定型語言障礙之調查研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉惠美(Huei-Mei Liu);曹峰銘(Feng-Ming Tsao);張鑑如(Chien-Ju Chang);徐儷玲(Li-Ling Hsu)(2013)。學前到學齡兒童的語音區辨能力發展及其與詞彙理解的關係。教育心理學報。45(2)。221-240。 
  2. 呂信慧(2016)。遲語兒兩歲至四歲的語言發展預測與社會情緒特性。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文。2016。1-213。
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