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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳學良、林育司(民94),經濟部科技專案執行效率之評估:資料包絡分析之實證,科技管理學刊,10(1),101-134。
  2. 李元墩、吳濟民(民95)。知識管理策略、組織核心能耐與經營績效之關係 - 以台灣生物科技產業為實證。科技管理學刊,9(2),103-129。
  3. 李正文、陳翔修(民97)。台灣光電產業之經營效率分析—資料包絡分析法之應用。中原企管評論,6(1),1-30。
  4. 李超雄、黃邵彥、吳東憲、王昶欽(2011)。公司財務績效驅動因子研究-智慧資本觀點,Journal of Quality,18(6):561-579。
  5. 邱永和、陳玉涓、陳素緞與陳剴夫(民97)。國內共同基金之績效評估。會計學報,1(1),29-52。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許育瑋(2016)。台灣生物科技產業績效研究-金融海嘯前後之差異。中正大學經濟系國際經濟研究所學位論文。2016。1-49。
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