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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁仁東(2011)。二十一世紀天災。科學教育,339,22-34。
  2. 沈世宏(2009)。環保與節能減碳政策之規劃與推動。研考雙月刊,33(2),77-87。
  3. 房振謙、林美惠、李慧珍、陳靜歆、薛雅惠(2008)。講述教學與討論教學應用於全球暖化議題教學成效之研究。社會科教育研究,13,153-183。
  4. 林英傑、崔夢萍(2011)。電腦輔助建模學習活動對國小高年級學生溫室效應與全球暖化學習影響之研究。環境教育,9,37-74。
  5. 范瑋益(2007)。運用情境互動媒體於防制藥物濫用知識學習與健康信念之研究。臺北醫學大學醫學院醫學資訊研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳郁淇(2015)。互動式電子白板輔助教學應用於國小六年級學生澄清節能減碳迷思概念之研究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-224。
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