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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 389 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 人本教育基金會(編著)(1993)。森林小學綠皮書。臺北市:書泉。
  2. 王德威(譯)(1993)。知識的考掘(原作者:Michel Foucault)。臺北市:麥田。(原著出版年:1972)
  3. 中華民國學校建築研究學會(主編)(2002)。優質的學校環境。臺北市:德伸。
  4. 田芳華(1998)。誰的歷史:自傳記憶與事件:生命史調查之應用與前瞻。調查研究,6,21-27。
  5. 李曉雯、許雲傑(2010)。沒有教科書:給孩子無限可能的澳洲教育。臺北縣:木馬文化。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 范揚焄(2017)。校長領導風格的反思:一位國小校長自傳俗民誌。清華大學教育與學習科技學系學位論文。2017。1-255。
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