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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林敬勛(2011)。以解說志工參與者角色初探陽明山國家公園環境教育資源利用現況(未出版之碩士論文)。臺灣師範大學,台北市。
  2. 徐國士(1999)。臺灣地區國家公園的生態教育。環境教育季刊,39,91-102。
  3. 蔡春珠(2010)。幼稚園實施創造性戲劇融入生態教育主題課程之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。朝陽科技大學,台中市。
  4. Nunnally, J. C.(1978). Psychometric Theory, 2nd (Eds.). New York: McGraw-Hill
  5. Patricia, H.(1997). Games in instruction leading to environmentally responsible behavior. Journal of Environmental Education, 28(3), 35-37.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳新姬(2017)。應用體驗學習提升低年級學童環境覺知之研究。淡江大學課程與教學研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-89。
  2. 詹家榕(2017)。運用戲劇教學於國小學童自我表達能力之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-151。
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