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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王保堤(2005)。國中生活科技教師如何利用網路學習社群進行e-learning。生活科技教育月刊,38(3),50-61。
  2. 王喬真(2006)。高中職教師數位學習態度之研究─以雲林縣為例。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 吳尚廷、陳五洲(2011)。社群媒體網站對體育輔助教學之應用─以Facebook粉絲專頁為例。臺灣體育論壇,2,1-10。
  4. 施學琦、陳怡蓁(2010)。以UTAUT架構探討社群網站使用者的使用行為。論文發表於大葉大學舉辦之「第十一屆電子化企業經營管理理論實務研討會」,彰化。
  5. 孫志麟(2010)。專業學習社群:促進教師專業發展的平台。學校行政雙月刊,69,138-158。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 翁芹鎂(2017)。參與網路社群對教師專業發展之影響-以國小教師為例。虎尾科技大學資訊管理系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-91。
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