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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 126 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台北榮總護理部研究發展委員會(2002)。社會支持在長期照顧之簡介。榮總護理,19(3),338-340。
  2. 白玉珠、張霜蘭、蔡玉鳳、鄒怡真、蔡欣玲(2006)。病人脫離呼吸器後症狀困擾與日常活動功能之相關性研究。實證護理,2(1)61-72。
  3. 江玲玲、吳清平、王儷穎、吳英黛(2004)。呼吸器依賴患者的生活功能及生活品質。物理治療,29(1),40-47。
  4. 何雅芳(2010)。血液透析病患血磷控制遵從行為及其相關因素之研究(未出版的碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育研究所,台北市。
  5. 吳紅蓮、楊麗芬、許薳尹、王郁薇、周雪琦、徐瑋婷(2010)。慢性腎臟病控制高血磷的飲食知識與衛教技巧。腎臟與透析,22(3),206-209。
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