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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周建智 (2011)。動作學習歷程前決策與後決策階段中批判思考的中介角色。體育學報,44 (4),495-510。
  2. 林信宏、周建智、黃美瑤 (2008) 。合作學習對大專生批判思考的關聯性之影響。大專體育學刊,10 (2),17-28。
  3. 林雅博 (2009)。合作學習對不同學習風格學童在批判思考與學習態度之影響 (未出版碩士論文) 。臺北市立體育學院,桃園縣。
  4. 徐岳聖、林 錚、周建智 (2007) 。探究合作學習與概念構圖策略介入桌球課對大學生批判性思考能力與桌球動作技術之影響。北體學報,15,67-80。
  5. 徐綺穗 (2007)。行動學習理論及其在大學教學的應用—建構「行動—反思」教學模式。課程與教學,10 (4) 。49-62。
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