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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方偉達、鄒淑蘭(2009)。公共空間忠誠度研究—以科博館戶外晨間活動者為例。中華人文社會學報,11,46-70。
  2. 王志弘、沈孟穎(2010)。東南亞飲食再現策略:異國時尚、多元文化與己異化認同。台灣東南亞學刊,7(1),151-192。
  3. 王偉琴、吳崇旗(2011)。以早期戶外經驗探討遊客環境態度、活動涉入與環境行為之關係。觀光休閒學報,15(1),23-47。
  4. 周佳雯、郭乃文、徐勝一(2010)。宜蘭地區居民社區依附與其觀光發展衝擊認知之研究—重大交通建設的中介效果。華岡地理學報,26,1-15。
  5. 周佳雯、蘇文瑜(2008)。居民社區依附與其觀光衝擊認知關係之研究。運動休閒餐旅研究,3(1),117-140。
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