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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林福安(2000)。高職冷凍科新課程標準專業實習科目課程內涵之研究 (未出版之 碩士論文)。 國立臺灣師範大學工業教育學系,臺北市。
  2. 姚文隆、谷家隆、楊俊彬、黃明賢、傅兆章、林栢村、郭文豐(2008)。科技大學精密模具設計分析專業學程課程發展之研究。高雄師大學報2008,24,(83)、81-94。
  3. 郭至和(2000)。國小鄉土教學活動課程轉化之個案研究。課程與教學,3(3), 49-72。
  4. 郭金國、李景峰、黃進和、林益昌、陳嘉欣(2010)。精密鑄造產業核心內涵之研究。技職教育期刊,2010, 1,2,83。
  5. 張吉成(2009)。資訊產業員工之組織核心職能研究。技術及職業教育學報,3,(1),25-41。
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