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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 187 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王嘉琪(2010):大學生憂鬱情緒、自尊、汙名化、自我揭露與求助態度之關係。國立台灣師大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
  2. 王韻齡、許文耀(2006):以”素質-壓力”模式探討中學生自殺危險因子。北市醫學雜誌,3(11),65-77。
  3. 周玉真、蕭文(2003):社區諮商個案應用社會網絡之經驗分析。彰化師大輔導學報,24,107-138。
  4. 周志玉(2006):憂鬱症污名研究:可控制性歸因、危險與依賴刻板印象對歧視行為的影響。中原大學心理學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 吳政航(2006):大學生家庭功能與壓力因應型態對憂鬱症狀之影響。國立成功大學醫學院行為醫學研究所碩士論文。
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