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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 188 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃淑貞(1997)。大學生健康信念、自我效能、:社會支持與吸菸行為研究。學校衛生,31,30-43。
  2. 李燕鳴(1998)。花蓮市高中生之性知識、態度和行為調查。慈濟醫學,10,211-219。
  3. 周碧瑟、劉美媛、賴明芸、萧美玲、張鴻仁(1999)。Time Trend of Substance Use Among Adolescent Students in Taiwan, 1991-1996. 台灣醫學會雜誌,98,827-831。
  4. 李景美、張鳳琴、賴香如、李碧霞、陳雯昭(2002)。台北縣市高職一年級學生成癮物質濫用之危險與保護因子之研究。衛生教育學報,17,73-88。
  5. 葉美玲、陳興夏、張惠芬(2002)。網路網路輔助戒菸課程於青少年之成效。台灣醫學,6(5),648-660。
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