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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 185 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤秀菁(2008)。台中縣某國中學生健康生活型態及其相關因素之研究。國立台灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系未出版碩士論文。臺北。
  2. 王姿乃(1992)。台灣地區肝硬化及慢性肝病死亡率之流行病學特徵研究B型肝炎表面抗原帶原者肝硬化之多重危險因子研究。國立台灣大學公共衛生研究所未出版碩士論文。臺北。
  3. 王琪珍(1991)。台灣地區肝癌、肺癌、胃癌之流行病學特徵及多重危險因子之世代研究。國立陽明大學公共衛生研究所未出版碩士論文。臺北。
  4. 朱玲慧(2008)。大學生飲酒行為及相關因素研究--以國立台灣師範大學為例。國立台灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系未出版碩士論文。臺北。
  5. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2007)。健康數字123-高中、高職、五專學生健康行為調查。2011年5月2日。取自
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