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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王欣宜(2005):高職階段智能障礙學生所需社交技巧課程內涵之探討。 特殊教育教學與趨勢, 9401,1-14。
  2. 李旻青(2005):替代性溝通訓練在國小中、重度智能障礙學童購物技能學習之成效研究。臺南市:國立臺南大學特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版。
  3. 李旻青、莊妙芬(2006):替代性溝通訓練在國小中、重度智能障礙學童購物技能學習之成效研究。特殊教育與復健學報(16),99-123。
  4. 林欣怡、楊宗仁(2005):圖卡兌換溝通系統對改善國小低功能自閉症學生自發性溝通行為類化之成效。特殊教育研究學刊,29,199-224。
  5. 柯惠菁(譯)(2009):身心障礙者的輔助科技(Bryant, Diane Pedrotty & Bryant, Brian R.著:Assistive Technology for People With Disabilities )臺北市:心理。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳姿儀(2013)。輔助溝通系統對無口語腦性麻痺學生學校溝通參與型態之影響研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-90。
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