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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 409 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王柏崴、黃禎貞、唐孝蘭、葉國樑、曾治乾(2009)。臺北市國中學生綠色消費知識、態度、行為意圖及其相關因素研究-以某國中為例。科學教育學刊,17(3),255-274。
  2. 江世豪、郭重吉(2004)。以認知腳本詮釋國一學生從事科學學習活動的知覺之初探。科學教育學刊,12(4),445-468。
  3. 吳明雄、張中一、饒達欽(2009)。高中職學生藝術創造力影響指標之研究:以全國競賽得獎學生為對象。藝術教育研究,16,1-31。
  4. 吳明雄、許碧珊、饒達欽、簡明忠、陳建宏、張中一、黃秀玉(2008)。高中生文學創造力相關因素測量指標之建構。師大學報:教育類,53(3),67-93。
  5. 吳瑞源、吳慧敏(2008)。動畫教材之學習者控制播放模式與多媒體組合形式對學習成效與學習時間影響之研究。師大學報:科學教育類,53(1),1-26。
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