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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王梅玲(2004)。大學生資訊素養課程設計與評鑑。圖書館學與資訊科學,30(2),134-142。
  2. 江文雄(1999)。技職校院學生能力標準建構與能力分析模式之規劃。技術及職業教育雙月刊,54,2-8。
  3. 李德竹(1997)。由圖書館資訊服務規劃我國圖書館資訊素養之培育方針與評量指標。行政院國家科學委員會計劃成果報告,(報告編號:NCS86-2,413-H-002-031)。台北:台灣大學圖書館學系暨研究所。
  4. 柯雲娥(2004)。傳播學門大學生資訊素養能力的研究。國立政治大學圖書資訊學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  5. 黃建夫(2008)。當前我國高等技職教育發展問題之探討。嶺東通識教育研究學刊,2(3),13-26。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林妙貞(2017)。國中生資訊素養和自我效能對創造力之相關研究。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-164。
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