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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 180 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李俊仁、柯華葳(2007)。中文閱讀弱讀者的認知功能缺陷:視覺處理或是聲韻覺識?特殊教育研究學刊,32(4),1-18。
  2. 李俊仁、柯華葳(2009)。台灣學生聲韻覺識作業之聲韻表徵運作單位。教育心理學報,41(1),111-124。
  3. 林雅芬(2007)。兒童對中文組字知識的理解。國立台灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 林玉霞、Paul, P V.(1995)。臺灣聽力正常兒童與聽覺障礙兒童對文字書本之概念表現。特殊教育與復健學報,4,249-266。
  5. 宣崇慧(2000)。學前聽障及聽常兒童讀寫萌發情形與口語發展能力之探 究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育學系碩士論文。全國博碩士論文網,088NTNU0284004。
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