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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中央健保局(2011)。98年全民健康保險統計,台北市
  2. 林公孚(2004)。企業策略致勝冺器—外包【專題】。品質月刊 。40(6),63-66。
  3. 林隆儀、李水河(2005)。關係品質在服務外包對組織績效的影響效果之研究-以交通部暨所屬機關為例。台灣管理學刊,5(1),頁78。
  4. 范祥偉(2001)。委託外包的理論與實務之探討。人事月刊,32( 5),47-55。
  5. 黃興怡(2006)。醫院選擇環境清潔外包商評選準則及相對重要性之研究。靜宜大學企管業管理研究所碩士論文,台中市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴調元(2013)。專業整合經營模式研究─以醫院布服外包為例。臺灣大學臺大_復旦EMBA境外專班學位論文。2013。1-77。
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