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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 197 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任育瑩(2010)。國中生幽默風格、嘲笑風格與創造力之相關研究。國立臺灣師範大學創造力發展研究所在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 李美枝(1986)。性別角色與兩性差異。台北:國立空中大學。
  3. 李乙明、李淑貞(譯)(2005)。Robert J. Sternberg主編。創造力理論與應用。台北:五南。
  4. 李碧霞、陳靜敏(2004)。國小高年級學童身體意象、自尊與身體活動之研究。醫護科技學刊,7(1),43-55。
  5. 林妙華(2003)。資優生過度激動特質與友伴關係之研究。資優教育研究,3(1),103-138。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳瑛霞(2012)。「未來想像與創意人才培育」之師資培育課程設計暨效果評估-以高中職教師為例。臺灣師範大學創造力發展碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-91。
  2. 莊士賢(2015)。國中學生人格特質、情緒管理與學校適應相關性之探討。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-209。
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