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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱文光(1981)。拔河姿勢之研究。中華民國大專院校體育總會慶祝建國七十年體育學術研討會專刊。
  2. 翁梓林(2003)。八人制拔河團隊坐地後輪流起身之類神經網路模式研究。未出版的博士論文,國立台灣師範大學,台北市。
  3. 翁梓林(2004)。八人制拔河團隊倒坐後輪流起身技術數學模式研究。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫成果報告。計畫編號:NSC92-2413-H-152-015。
  4. 涂瑞洪(民91)。八人制室內團隊拔河隊形之研究。未出版的博士論文,國立台灣師範大學體育研究所,台北市,台灣。
  5. 郭耿舜(2001)拔河不同啟動姿勢與動作型態之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學體育研究所,台北市,台灣。
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