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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 田世蘭(2009)。中級華語閱讀教材設計之研究-以越南籍學生為對象。國立臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所碩士論文。(未出版)。
  2. 吳馥如 (2008)。中級華語交際溝通會話課程之設計實證。台北市:國立台灣師範大學華語文教學研究所碩士論文。(未出版)。
  3. 孫雪芹(2010)。以馬來語為母語學習者之初級華語口語課程設計。台北市:國立臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所碩士論文。(未出版)
  4. 許銘桂(2008)。新移民初級華語教材規劃設計與研究。國立臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所碩士論文。(未出版)。
  5. 郭芳君(2006)。短期華語與文化研習班之課程設計。國立臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所碩士論文。(未出版)。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李清水(2016)。初級華語歌曲教材設計編寫原則之研究-以越南胡志明市商業華語培訓中心為例。中原大學應用華語文研究所學位論文。2016。1-224。 
  2. 劉金玲(2014)。國際性服務學習課程設計與執行:以絕代風華-印尼棉蘭華語營為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-165。 
  3. 郭宗翰(2013)。越南觀光華語導遊教材的設計與發展研究。中原大學應用華語文研究所學位論文。2013。1-184。 
  4. 黃雅菁(2017)。越南學生一聲和四聲之偏誤探討和矯正對策:華語聲調線上訓練教材之設計。臺灣大學華語教學碩士學位學程 學位論文。2017。1-114。 
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