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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方泰山(2003):2005年國際化學奧林匹亞競賽「準備題與比賽題」命題研究計畫(2/3)。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫成果報告。計畫編號:NSC92-2514-S-003-005。
  2. 方泰山(2006a):我國主辦2005年國際化學奧林匹亞競賽(2/2)。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫成果報告。計畫編號:NSC94-2514-S-003-002。
  3. 方泰山、魏明通(1991):國際化學奧林匹亞競賽條例(頁19-23)。載於國立臺灣師範大學科教中心編:國際化學奧林匹亞。臺北:國立臺灣師範大學科教中心。
  4. 吳佳儒(2006):第卅七屆國際化學奧林匹亞競賽實作有機合成評量試題之研究。 國立臺灣師範大學化學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  5. 林明瑞〈1998〉:我參加一九九八年第二十九屆國際物理奧林匹亞競賽總報告。教育部:臺北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳逸祥(2012)。單一性別選訓名額措施對台灣中學女生參加化學奧林匹亞競賽表現的研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2012。1-96。
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