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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 161 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Anderson, E. M. & Shannon, A. L. (1995), Toward a conceptualization of
  2. Bell, B. & Giber, J. (1996), Teacher development: A model from science education.
  3. Benjamin, J. (1988), The bonds of love: Psychoanalysis, feminism, and the problem
  4. Buck-Morss, S. (1975), Socio- economic bias in Piaget's theory and its implications
  5. Chomsky, N. (1959), A review of B. F. Skinner's verbal behavior. Language, 35,
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳靜儀(2007)。國民中學教育實習輔導師徒功能及影響因素之關係研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-183。 
  2. 許彩榮(2000)。非正規體制中的科學教育:科學館的科學教育個案研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2000。1-162。
  3. 唐韶玲(2001)。實習教師在不同學校社群文化與不同實習輔導理念下之專業成長研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2001。1-243。
  4. 張育嫻(2002)。國中實習教師師生互動策略之質性研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2002。1-157。
  5. 郭勝平(2002)。高職工業類科學校教育實習輔導教師教學輔導方式與實習教師教學效能之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2002。1-167。
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