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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. ARRAY(0x9f5a658)
Times Cited (14) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李紹國(2013)。指引迷津- 使用IPAD2於一名具有情緒行為問題的多重障礙學生之教學歷程與教學經驗。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-180。 
  2. 蔡昀家(2011)。應用奧福音樂治療教學方案於改善國小中度智能障礙學童不專注行為之研究。臺東大學教育學系課程與教學碩士班學位論文。2011。1-100。 
  3. 王萍萍(2011)。道恩氏症兒書法創作之個案研究。臺東大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2011。1-251。 
  4. 詹小秋(2011)。音樂治療對重度智能障礙學童行為成效之研究。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2011。1-206。 
  5. 張文嘉(2001)。高中音樂教師專業知能需求研究。臺灣師範大學音樂學系學位論文。2001。1-206。
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