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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何福田、羅瑞玉(民81)。教育改革與教師專業化。教育專業。中華民國師範教育學會主編,師大書苑出版,頁1-30。
  2. 陳舜芬、丁志仁、洪儷瑜(民85)。師資培育與教師進修制度的檢討。台北:行政院教改會。
  3. Erbes, R. L. (1984). The Revolution in Teacher Certification. Music Educators Journal, 35-39.
  4. Hopkins, D (Ed.). (1986). Inservice training and educational development: an international survey. London; Dover, N.H. : Croom Helm.
  5. Kiester, G. J. (1993). A Look at Japanese Music Education. Music Educators Journal,42-48.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭烜柳(2000)。我國縣市教師研習中心之研究-以基隆市為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2000。1-195。
  2. 黃紹怡(2001)。國中音樂才能班鋼琴教學實施成效之調查研究。臺灣師範大學音樂學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2001。1-200。
  3. 江易穎(2001)。國中音樂教師「專業成長」與「教學效能」之研究。臺灣師範大學音樂學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2001。1-197。
  4. 鄭淑文(2003)。台灣地區國中教師休閒教育態度與進修需求評估之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2003。1-151。
  5. 謝治平(2005)。台北縣國民小學教師參與專業繼續教育課程類型及阻礙因素之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-111。
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