Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Previous Page
Next Page
There is no full-text available at the moment. Airiti would like to request author's authorization. I would like to provide authorization.
Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛國楠(民84)。國中教師的樂觀信念、自我效能、對壓力的認知評估、因應方式與工作調適。教育心理學報,28期,頁177-194。
  2. 孫玉麟(民80)。自我效能的基本概念及其在教育上的應用。教育研究,22期,頁47-53。
  3. Adams, R. D.(1982). Teacher development : A look at change in teacher perceptions and behaviors across time. Journal of Teacher Education, 33(4), 40-43.
  4. Ashton, P. (1984). Teacher efficacy : A motivational paradigm for effective teacher education . Journal of Teacher Education, 35(5), 28-32.
  5. Bandura, A. & Adams, N. E. (1977). Analysis of self-efficacy theory of behavioral change. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 1(4), 287-310.
Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林育賢(2008)。國小特教班教師自我效能與教學效能關係之研究。臺東大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2008。1-209。 
  2. 張文嘉(2001)。高中音樂教師專業知能需求研究。臺灣師範大學音樂學系學位論文。2001。1-206。
  3. 江易穎(2001)。國中音樂教師「專業成長」與「教學效能」之研究。臺灣師範大學音樂學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2001。1-197。
  4. 黃紹怡(2001)。國中音樂才能班鋼琴教學實施成效之調查研究。臺灣師範大學音樂學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2001。1-200。
  5. 胡冬吟(2001)。國民中學校長生涯規劃之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2001。1-159。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :