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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 237 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李介至(民88):青少年親子衝突、因應策略及其相關因素之研究。國立
  2. 黃宗堅(民88):家庭系統的測量與應用。應用心理研究,第2期,
  3. 黃德祥(民83):青少年發展與輔導。台北:五南。
  4. 討。中央研究院民族學研究所集刊,第82期,65-114頁。
  5. 性研究。長庚大學護理研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (32) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃姵嵐(2012)。青少女感受母親實際與期望教養行為之差距及其對母女關係影響之研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2012。1-131。 
  2. 許舒雅(2008)。桃園區高中生獨生子女的親子三角關係、同儕關係與心理健康之關聯性研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2008。1-113。 
  3. 李馨嫻(2007)。國中導師領導風格與學生學習態度、學 業成就、生活適應之關聯性研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-180。 
  4. 徐毓芸(2011)。正向心理學教學活動對提升國小學童壓力因應能力之成效評估。中山醫學大學公共衛生學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-140。 
  5. 王淑君(2014)。老人居住在安養護機構之家庭互動探討。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2014。1-238。 
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