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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 167 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 教育部(民57)。教育部實施九年國民教育籌備工作報告。
  2. 歐用生(民84)。鄉土教育的理念與設計。於黃政傑、李隆盛(主編), 鄉土教育(頁10-21)。台北: 復文。
  3. Ariva, T (1987). 'Centralised' school based development-a contradiction in terms. In N. Sabar, J. Rudduck, & W. Reid (Eds.), Partnership and autonomy in school-based curriculum development: Policies and practice in Israel and England (pp. 42-50). Sheffield, UK: Division of Education, University of Sheffield.
  4. Ben-Peretz, M. (1975). The concept of curriculum potential. Informal Section/ Curriculum Theory Network, 5(2), 151-159.
  5. Ben-Peretz, M., & Dor, B. Z. (1986, April). Thirty years of school-based curriculum developemnt: A case study. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. San Francisco, CA. (ERIC Document No. ED 274 096)
Times Cited (50) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鍾瀚陞(2015)。後設認知技能涉入企業教育訓練方案之研究-以專家與新手思考過程為例。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2015。1-108。 
  2. 周鼎文(2008)。團體諮商專家與新手因應僵局之自我調整研究--以人際互動僵局為例。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2008。1-164。 
  3. 劉豐溢(2007)。高職學校本位課程發展影響因素之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-217。 
  4. 李宜欣(2010)。教務主任課程領導之個案研究 -以臺北市ㄧ所私立國民小學為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-202。 
  5. 李佩玲(2008)。國小校長教學領導反省之個案研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-181。 
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