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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王春展(1997):專家與生手間問題解決能力的差異及其在教學上的啟示。教育研究資訊, 5(2), 80-92。
    2. 吳佳玲和張俊彥(2000):學生問題解決思考能力與其個人背景相關變項之探究。論文發表於中華民國第十六屆科學教育學術研討會。台北市:國立臺灣師範大學理學院。
    3. 徐建國(1997):高中生批判思考能力相關因素之研究。台灣師範大學公民訓育研究所碩士論文。
    4. 張俊彥和翁玉華(2000):我國高一學生的問題解決能力與其科學過程技能之相關研究。科學教育學刊, 8, 35-56。
    5. 張俊彥和程上修(2000):在地球科學課融入創造性問題解決及合作學習策略之初探研究。科學教育學刊, 8, 251-272。
    Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李佩蓉(2009)。從腦波探討表徵連接對化學學習歷程的影響及問題解決的成效。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-106。 
    2. 盧秀美(2002)。國中地理教學情意目標成就及其相關變項之分析--一個個案之研究。臺灣師範大學地理學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-198。
    3. 仇惟善(2004)。創造性問題解決教學對國中資優學生之應用研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-159。
    4. 陳怡君(2005)。運用線上測驗評估電腦輔助教學成效。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2005。1-133。
    5. 李文旗(2010)。調查中學地球科學教學現況及學生應具備之地球科學素養。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2010。1-199。
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